4. INSTALLING THE HIVE IN ITS NEW LOCATION
Note: The following operations are better done with 2 people. The exit tube should already be in place. The tube can be placed in advance in a hole through a wall of somewhat larger outside diameter, or through a similar hole in a board placed under a window sash (Foam rubber, or some kind of blocking can be used to make sure the bees, on their orientation flights, for example, do not come through the opening of the separated sashes). That way the bees can come in and out of the tube without ever coming in the room. Other windows in the room should always have adequate screening. To avoid any bees getting out during the transition, using a small piece of clear plastic 3/32″ thick, (say 3×3″) remove the stopper until it is just 1/8″ of an inch away from the surface of the base directly in front of the hole. Slip the plastic over the hole between the stopper and the hive. Remove the stopper. While you are holding the plastic firmly over the hole, move the hive to where the Teflon Tube is located. Watching through the clear plastic, line up the tube with the entrance hole, remove the plastic and introduce the tube being careful not to have it stick out beyond the inside surface of the hive. (Marking the tube beforehand with a magic marker just the right depth (5/8” , 9/16”) to push it in can help you safely do this. It should not go beyond an 1/16th inch away from the interior surface.) (Per Kelley’s instructions.)Also be careful not to inadvertently pull the tube out from the other end where it is inserted in the hole.
5. THE OPERATION IN REVERSE: REMOVING THE HIVE FROM IT’S LOCATION
Again, 2 people should work together on this. Because bees are diurnal animals, they should always be moved after sunset, when they presumably have all returned. Unfortunately sometimes especially in warm weather, some bees will return the next day or be caught in the tube. These bees will have to be sacrificed since they cannot live outside the hive. This fact requires an extra step when moving the hive. After the hive has been unscrewed and made free of its platform and support, the operation described above, takes place in reverse . The tube is pulled out to within an 1/8” of the front surface of the hive. A piece of plastic this time 3 ½”x 5” x 3/32” is placed between the tube and the front of the hive. Now there is the additional problem to deal with, that did not exist before: there may be some bees left inside the tube, and there may be stragglers returning the next day. An additional piece of plastic 3 ½”x 3 ½” x 3/32” is placed between the tube and the first piece of plastic. At this point it is useful to tape the first piece of plastic to the hive, to leave hands free for the other operations. Insert the 2nd piece of plastic in front of the first piece of plastic taped to the hive, with the tube still in front of the hole of the hive.. Bend the tube upward with the second piece of plastic still applied to the opening to prevent potential bees from getting out, putting the stopper on top of the plastic in front of the tube. Remove the plastic and insert a 1″O.D. stopper .Once the stopper is in place , the tube can be pushed out of the exterior hole by 3 or 4 Inches, making the opening out of range to the returning foragers, and then taped securely to the table or platform. In a few days the remaining bees will be dead.
When you first buy the teflon tubing, because it may have been tightly wrapped in a coil, it may have become deformed and flattened out. To return it to it’s original shape, It must be placed in very hot water, boiling, or close to it. It will then return to it’s original form.
If the piece you are using is long, for example 2 feet, then it helps to get or make a container that will accommodate that shape.
6. USING THE PORT TO CLEAN OUT THE BOTTOM BOARD.
The 1 ¼” port opening on the other side of the entrance tube has many uses. Once the stopper is pulled out and the small 3×3” piece of plastic has been placed over the port hole, cover it with another small piece of plastic or wood that has a 1″ O.D. hole in it. Put a 1″ O.D. tube attached to a vacuum cleaner.up against it. Take out the first piece of plastic and then introduce the tube.The purpose: to clean out dead bees that may have accumulated during the winter or thru disease. Other uses, for example, are to clean out, with a wire, wax moth larva that are sometimes found in the fall; or short rags can be introduced to mop up sugar syrup or water.
7. THE TEFLON TUBE
Often, when acquired, the Teflon tube is flattened and twisted. To restore it to it’s full, normal shape, dip the tube in boiling water and it will be put right. It is also important to cut the tube perpendicular to it’s length, so that it is possible to apply a cover to it, to keep the bees in.. It first needs to be marked before the cut. To do this Tear off a piece of paper from the long side of an 8 ½”x 11” sheet of paper, making sure that you have one side with a straight edge. Wrap it around the tube with the straight side on the marked part where you want to cut. Make sure that the 2 sides of the straight edge coincide when joined. Mark the tube, and cut with a sharp knife, or box cutter.
It is advantageous to make the Teflon tube as long as possible (up to 2 feet is OK). It allows you to see the bees going out and those laden with nectar, water, and pollen coming in. It can also, if the tube is long , be taped to the table or platform for more rigidity. But it should not be left uncovered in any public exhibit because the tube can easily be pulled out of the opening. A transparent, rigid, plastic cover should go over it.